IAPH. Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Historico

Welcome 19/06/2019

English | Español

Help | Directory | Contact | Web Map



Send to a contact


Legal notice
Applicant's personal data will be included in a IAPH's users file and will be treated in a confidential way as Organic Law 15/1999 sets, of personal character Data Protection. If you wish to make use of the access, rectification, cancellation and oposition rights you can go to Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico, placed in Isla de La Cartuja, Camino de los Descubrimientos s/n, 41092- SEVILLA.

Junta de Andalucía Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico Consejería de Cultura y Patrimonio Histórico Logo del Instituto andaluz del Patrimonio histórico

Damage factors

The biodamage of the works of art is an irreversible alteration of the materials that make them up as a result of the metabolic activity of one or more microorganisms or organisms populations that belong to different systematic groups.

There are many organisms that can interact with the materials that make up the cultural assets and cause them damage: insects, fungus, algae, lichens, bacteria, superior plants, birds, and small mammals. In order to carry out the most appropriate biocide treatments it is essential to characterise them as accurately as possible. 
The main objective of the laboratory studies is to identify the agents that cause biodamage. In order to do so, different analysis techniques are used depending on the type of organism. 

Microbiological analysis

It consists of identifying microorganisms (bacteria, fungus, algae) that cause damage in the materials of the studied work. In order to do so, sample taking is required (sterile material) and then a culture in a laboratory. The colonies developed are studied through observation with an optical microscope and/or molecular biology techniques (PCR).

Cabina flujo laminar
Botanical analysis

Lichens, moss and superior plants are identified on site or in a laboratory after sample taking, through visual observation, with a stereomicroscopy and with an optical microscopy.


Plantas superiores
Musgo Acinipo
Líquen Apotecio Caloplaca
Entomological analysis

In order to identify the insects that cause the damage of organic supports, a stereomicroscopy is used both with the damaged material and the taken samples. Assessment of the attack is made according to the extension of the damage caused on the attacked material.

Anobium punctatum
Serrín anóbidos-7X
Facebook Twitter Delicious Myspace Menéame
The information and the images of the web page, are under the Creative Commons licence , unless the opposite is indicated.For Images Database,read specs.
Creative Commons W3C W3C W3C
Sede Central:
Camino de los Descubrimientos, s/n. 41092 Sevilla
Tel. 955037000 | Fax 955037001
Centro de Arqueología Subacuática:
Balneario de la Palma. Duque de Nájera, 3. 11004 Cádiz.
Tel.956203394 | Fax.956203417
ISO 9001 ISO 14001